Out of some cultural psychology and ideology, the Chinese ancestors created dragon, a cultural product which was actually non-existent. A great number of explanations and descriptions of dragon can be found in ancient Chinese books. One says, “The entire body of the dragon was integral with different part. Riding floating clouds, it nourished Yin and Yang.” Another says, “The dragon, born in water and covered with five colors, could change into a tiny silkworm when it wanted to become small; change into a formidable giant when it wanted to become big; rise above the clouds when it wanted to go up; and sink to the bottom of the spring when it wanted to go down.” Still another says, “Its horns looked like those of a deer; head, camel; eyes, ghost; neck, snake; scales, carp; talons, hawk; palms, tiger; and ears, ox.” These descriptions show that, in ancient Chinese people’s minds, the Chinese dragon was a mixture of various animals with no regular shape but with e abilities of raising winds and rains, soaring to the sky and diving to the bottom of a sea, and bestowing favors on all creatures on earth.

As far back as 5,000 years ago, each clan or tribe regarded a deity as its guardian god as well as its symbol. When a clan or tribe annexed another one, it would add its most distinctive symbols into its own to represent its victory. Therefore, the mixed shape of the dragon was actually an agglomerate of the totems characteristic of different clans in the formative stage of the Huaxia tribe, or the Chinese nation.

The dragon originated from the powerful Yellow Emperor tribe in the Central Plains, and finally took shape in the process of the merger of the various cleans. With a strange shape, it had great magic power. It was regarded as one of the Four Auspicious Animals that could bring courage, strength and happiness to people. The other three auspicious animals were the unicorn (a legendary animal with the shape of a deer, with horns on the head, scales on the whole body and a tail); the phoenix (a legendary fowl with beautiful feathers, supposed to be the king of birds, the male ones being called feng and the female ones huang); and the miraculous turtle.

With its becoming the totem of the Yellow Emperor tribe and the Yellow Emperor himself symbolizing unification and agglomeration, the dragon also became a symbol of unification and agglomeration.

Due to people’s ardent love and worship of the Yellow Emperor, the dragon had become high in their favor, and the strong awareness of the dragon culture had penetrated deep into the various fields of Chinese culture for thousands of years. Buildings were named after the mythical beast, such as the Dragon Palace, Dragon Gate and Dragon Court, and decorated with dragon patterns, and artworks featured its dignified and grandiose images, imbuing them with great artistic charm and strong aesthetic appeal. There was also the Dragon Dance, Dragon Feast, Dragon Tea, Dragon Boat, etc.