Out of some cultural psychology and ideology, the Chinese ancestors created dragon, a cultural product which was actually non-existent. A great number of explanations and descriptions of dragon can be found in ancient Chinese books. One says, “The entire body of the dragon was integral with different part. Riding floating clouds, it nourished Yin and Yang.” Another says, “The dragon, born in water and covered with five colors, could change into a tiny silkworm when it wanted to become small; change into a formidable giant when it wanted to become big; rise above the clouds when it wanted to go up; and sink to the bottom of the spring when it wanted to go down.” Still another says, “Its horns looked like those of a deer; head, camel; eyes, ghost; neck, snake; scales, carp; talons, hawk; palms, tiger; and ears, ox.” These descriptions show that, in ancient Chinese people’s minds, the Chinese dragon was a mixture of various animals with no regular shape but with e abilities of raising winds and rains, soaring to the sky and diving to the bottom of a sea, and bestowing favors on all creatures on earth.

As far back as 5,000 years ago, each clan or tribe regarded a deity as its guardian god as well as its symbol. When a clan or tribe annexed another one, it would add its most distinctive symbols into its own to represent its victory. Therefore, the mixed shape of the dragon was actually an agglomerate of the totems characteristic...

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