China’s cultural roots are deeply embedded in Confucianism. Confucius (Kong Qiu) was a philosopher who lived from 551 BC to 479 BC. His philosophies became the foundation upon which Chinese society was built and which sustained it for nearly 2,000 years, shaping the mores and behaviors of the Chinese. Confucius believed that moral behavior stemmed from the fulfillment of traditional roles and hierarchies. He defined five basic relationships, which he called wu lun. Each relationship represents a reciprocal obligation.

Emperor to Subject
An emperor must show his subjects kindness;
A subject must be loyal.

Father to Son
A father must provide protection and favor to his son; the son reciprocates with respect and obedience...




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